Isaac Ilyich Levitan  (1860 – 1900)

 Levitan did not paint urban scenes but used his talents to reveal the charm of Russian landscapes. During the late 1870s he created a special variant know as the "landscape of mood", in which the shape and conditions of nature are spiritualized.  His landscapes, mostly devoid people, show the quiet melancholic aspect of  pastoral scenes.  His palette is muted and his tendencies are naturalistic and poetic rather than optical.

 “Evening Bells,” 1892 oil on canvas


















  "Golden Autum" (1895) is the climax of his effort to depict a Russian landscape in all its lovely and delicate moods.















“By the Whirlpool,” 1892, oil on canvas